The Soviet Union after its death: the transformation of post-Soviet political regimes

On 10 March, the Centre for Comparative History and Political Studies hosted a lecture by Stanislav Shkel’ titled " The Soviet Union after its death: the transformation of post-Soviet political regimes."

  • Stanislav Shkel’ - Doctor of Political Science and chief editor of the journal "Economics and Management" (Bashkir Academy of Public Service and Administration)


25 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, fifteen post-Soviet republics became diametrically different political formations, despite the fact that previously they formed a single state. Stanislav Shkel’ encouraged the audience to think about the question of the precise differences between contemporary political regimes of the former Soviet Union?

This question may seem superfluous in the context of the differences between Turkmenistan and Estonia, as they lie on the opposite sides on a "authoritarianism – democracy” scale. However, is it possible to describe and accurately measure the difference between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the political regimes which are far from being democratic, but, at the same time, not altogether the same.

To answer this question, Stanislav Shkel’ created his own classification of post-Soviet regimes, designed specifically for the evalutation of authoritarian regimes, and showed the results of measuring the trajectories of regime transformation of the former USSR. In addition, the lecturer posed the question of how and to what extent the political experience of the former Soviet Union fits the general theoretical context associated with the problems of authoritarianism and political transition.